Why Internet for Gilgit-Baltistan?
By Mominah Kamran
Islamabad (GB) July 14, 2020: It is said that whenever any unprecedented times of difficulty and strife come along, inequalities become more palpable. Those already vanquished by the comparative imbalance in terms of resources available to them are further hit by much worse consequences. Such is the plight of the citizens of Gilgit-Baltistan, where students, in particular, are struggling to take online classes amidst poor internet connectivity, as the Covid-19 pandemic has exposed the profound technological inequality in GB.
Across GB, students, in particular, are greatly suffering as a result of the ongoing lockdown, as to how digital learning is possible when there is a huge digital divide in the country, waiting to be addressed for years and years? It is ironic that how we, Pakistanis, take immense pride in the beauty of the snow-covered peaks, the enormous glaciers, the breathtaking lakes and rivers of Gilgit Baltistan and yet we are unable to support our fellow brethren in their cause to attain one of the basic citizenship rights [according to Article 19(A) of the Constitution of Pakistan: Right to Information].
The resources extracted from this mineral-rich land are substantial, much of the tourism-friendly impression of our country largely depends on the same region, and even the agricultural yield from GB has been significantly adding to our GDP. The youth of GB have had enough of this lack of infrastructure development in their region, and recently they resorted to a social media movement by the hashtag #internet4gilgitbaltistan. They have a comprehensive manifesto of demands that they want to address by the government, with the goal of stable and faster internet connectivity to all. A lot of the criticism, being directed at this movement, comes in the form of allegations such as “anti-state propaganda”, or “publicity stunt”.
However, what is often not taken into consideration is the fact that there is only one internet service provider in the GB region and that is the Special Communications Organization (SCO). Due to its being the only entity in the business, it is unwilling to take up the responsibility of being held accountable for its below standard services and GBians are not having it anymore. The primary motive of their campaign is to overcome the digital divide being faced by the GB people, and so they demand that either SCO improves its services to be at par with other telecommunication companies in the rest of the country or let the industry become competitive for quality services to come about. They demand that the Section 39 and 40 of the Pakistan Telecommunication Re-Organization Act must be omitted or amended as it ensures a complete monopoly in the region by the military-backed SCO, which is believed to have been driving out competitor firms for a long time. The issue is contentious indeed but in this era of information and digitization, we need to bridge the gap for all our country’s citizens to benefit from. Fighting for basic rights should not be so hard, and this injustice must come to an end soon.
The writer is a student of public administration at National University of Science and Technology, Islamabad